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琵琶的定弦与音域

 
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  • 发布日期:2012-06-15 12:06:22
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CHANGYONGDEDINGXIANFA, SHIBASITIAOXIANYOUCHANXIANZHIZIXIANGUDINGWEI“Adea" SIGEYIN。JI“D"DIAO。LIUXIANGERSHIWUPINPIPAYINYUCONG“A”DAO“e"'”。


  (1)定弦

258彩票投注  (A)DINGXIANDEJIBENFANGFA

258彩票投注  PIPADINGXIAN,ZAICHUANTONGLEQUZHONGBIANHUAJIAODUO, SITIAOKONGXIANZHIYINDEYINCHENGGUANXIBINGBUGUDING。DANBIJIAOCHANGYONGDEDINGXIANFA, SHIBASITIAOXIANYOUCHANXIANZHIZIXIANGUDINGWEI“Adea" SIGEYIN。JI“D"DIAO。 CHUXUEZHEYIXIANXUE“D”DIAO, DINGXIANSHIYI“D”DIAOWEIBIAOZHUNJINXINGDINGXIAN。

  XIAODINGXIANYINDEFANGFA:CHUXUEPIPASHI, RUDUIYINZHUNGUANNIANHAIWEIPEIYANGYUJIANLI,JIUBUHUIXIAODINGXIANYIN。 CISHIGENGYIYANGCHENGDINGZHUNXIANYINDEXIGUAN。RUOXIANYINWEIDINGZHUN,JIUBULIANXI。

258彩票投注  ZAIDING"Adea"DEXIANYINSHI,KEGENJUDI、XIAO、KOUQIN、GANGQIN、YINCHADENGDEaYINYINGAO,XIANDINGHAOKONGZIXIAN;RANHOUZAIDIYIPINWEISHANGANZIXIANDANCHUe'(BIeYINGAOBADU)LAI,ZUOWEIDINGKONGZHONGXIANeYINDEYIJU;ZAIZAIDISIPINSHANGANZHONGXIANDANCHUd'(BIdYINGAOBADU)LAI, ZUOWEIXIAODINGKONGLAOXIANdYINDEYIJU;ZUIHOUZAIDIYIPINWEISHANGANLAOXIANDANCHUa YINLAI(HUODANKONGZIXIANDEaYIN),ZUOWEIXIAODINGKONGCHANXIANA YINDEYIJU。ZAICHUBUDINGHAOSITIAOXIANYINZHIHOU,YINGZAIZUOXIAOYAN。 CHANGYONGDEXIAOYANFANGFAYOUXIALIEJIZHONG:

  (JIA)SHUANGYINXIAOYANFA:ANDIYIPINWEIZIXIANYUKONGZHONGXIANZUO“SHUANGDAN”;ANDISIPINZHONGXIANYUKONGLAOXIANZUOSHUANGDAN; ANDIYIPINLAOXIANYUKONGCHANXIANZUOSHUANGDAN;HUO“FEN”KONGZIXIANYUKONGCHANXIAN。 RUZAISHUANGDANHUOFENSHI,FAXIANLIANGTIAOXIANYINZHIJIANYOUBUXIEHESHI, JIUXUXIXINQUBIANBIEMEIYITIAOXIANDEYINGAO,SHINAYITIAOXIANDILEHUOGAOLE, JIANGDINGDEBUZHUNDEXIANZAIZUOXIAODING。

258彩票投注  (YI)FANYINXIAOYANFA:RUYIXUEHUIYANZOUFANYINSHI, KEYONGCIFA

  (BING)ANYINYUFANYINXIAOYANFA

  (DING)SANYINYUFANYINXIAOYANFA

258彩票投注  QIZHONG,CHUXUEZHEYIBANYONGSHUANGYINXIAOYANFA, DANZAIXUEDAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHI,JIZHANGWOFANYINYANZOUSHI,KEYONGFANYINXIAOYANFA, ZHEISHIYIGEBIJIAOKEKAODEHAOFANGFA。JIZAIPAIPINSHI, YEYIYONGFANYINLAIXIAOYAN,YISHIPINWEIPAIZHANZAIZHUNQUEDEWEIZHISHANG。

 

  (B)“BIANDIAO”DINGXIANDEZHONGLEI

258彩票投注  GENJUYANZOULEQUDEXUYAO,YEKEYIGAIDONGDINGXIANDEGUANXI。 ZAIPIPACHUANTONGLEQUZHONG,WEILEGENGHAODIFAHUIMOUYILEFENGDETEYOUXIAOGUO,SHIQIJINLIANGLIYONGKONGXIAN,LAIDEDAOQIXUYAODEHEXIANXIAOGUOSHI, CHANGYONGGAIBIANDINGXIANDEFANGFA。RUZAIXIAOGONGDIAO(JI1=D)SHANGZUOGAIBIANDINGXIANSHI,CENGCHENGZUO“XIAOGONGBIANDIAOYI”HUO“XIAOBIANDIAOER”DENG。DANGRAN,ZHEILISUOWEIDE“BIANDIAO”SHIZHIGAIBIANLESITIAOKONGXIANZHIJIANDEYINCHENGGUANXI,BINGBUSHIZHIGAIBIANLELEQUDEDIAOSHI。 XIANFULUZAICHUANTONGLEQUZHONGCENGJINGYONGGUODEJIZHONG“BIANDIAO”DINGXIANFANGFARUXIA:

(A)“ABea”:《HAIQING》、《BAWANGXIEJIA》DENGQUYONGZHI。

258彩票投注(B)“ABee”:PULEPAIDE《JIANGJUNLING》YONGZHI。

(C)“EBee”:PINGHUPAIDE《HANJIANGJUNLING》、《MANJIANGJUNLING》YONGZHI。

(D)“Aeaa”:WUXIPAIDE《JIANGJUNLING》YONGZHI。

258彩票投注(E)“Gdea”:《XIAOPUANZHOU》YONGZHI。

(F)“Bdea”:《GEWUWENZHONG》YONGZHI。

258彩票投注(G)“#FBea”:《WUMINGMA》YONGZHI。

(H)“A#cea”:DANGDIAODANCHANG《YUJIALE》、 《SHIERGEYUE》DENGYONGZHI。

(I)“#Fdea ”:《PUANZHOU》DEWEISHENG《QINGJIANGYIN》YONGZHI。

  (C)HUODONGSHANKOU

258彩票投注  ZAIANPINGJUNLVBANYINPAILIEYINWEIDEPIPASHANG,SUOYOUDESHENGZHONGDIAO、JIANGZHONGDIAOJIBENDOUNENGANDAN。DANZAIMOUXIEDIAOSHANG,ZHINENGYONGANYINYANZOU,BUNENGLIYONGSITIAOKONGXIANYIN。YINCI,KEYISHIYONGHUODONGSHANKOU。 FANGFASHIJIANGHUODONGSHANKOUBASITIAOXIANSHENYAZAIDIYIXIANG、HUODIERXIANG、 HUODISANXIANGSHANG。ZHEIYANG,CAINENGZAIGEDIAOSHANG, GENJUDIAOSHIJIANGZHUYINHUOSHUYINBIANWEIKONGXIANYIN,YIBIANJINLIANGLIYONGGEZHONGCHUANTONGZOUFA, FAHUIQIKONGXIANYINDEZUOYONG,ZAIZHUANGZHIYOUHUODONGSHANKOUDEPIPASHANG, YUNYONGLEHUODONGSHANKOUHOU,KONGXIANSANYINDOUYIGAIBIAN。

(2)YINYU

  琵琶上的音位(相与品), 现都按照平均律依半音顺次排列,一般安装有六相二十五品。 在个别独奏琵琶上出有安装有六相三十品的,在定弦作“Adea ”装置有六相二十五品的琵琶上,它的音域是从“A”到“e"'”;装置有六相三十品的琵琶上,它的音域是从“ A ”到“a"'”。
 

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